Mexican Milk Production Update – Oct ’21
Mexican milk production figures provided by the Mexican Agri-Food and Fisheries Information Service were recently updated with values spanning through the end of the first three quarters of the 2021 calendar year. Important points to consider include:
- Mexican milk production increased on a YOY basis for the 94th consecutive month during Sep ’21, finishing up 2.1%. Recently experienced dry conditions experienced throughout Mexico’s major milk producing regions have not yet resulted in a slowdown in milk production volumes.
- The Mexican dairy cow herd is projected to rebound to a 15 year high level throughout 2021, finishing above previous year levels for the sixth time in the past eight years.
- Mexico has been the largest importer of U.S. dairy products over 18 consecutive years through 2020. Mexico was the largest importer of both U.S. nonfat dry milk and cheese throughout 2020, while accounting for a considerably smaller market share of U.S. butter and whey export volumes.
Additional Report Details
According to the Mexican Agri-Food and Fisheries Information Service, Sep ’21 Mexican milk production volumes increased on a YOY basis for the 94th consecutive month, finishing up 2.1%. Production gains have continued despite ongoing regional drought and pandemic-related macroeconomic shocks.
Mexican milk production volumes have increased by a compound annual growth rate of 1.6% over the past ten years. Mexican milk production volumes have finished above long-term average growth rates over 21 of the past 24 months through Sep ’21 as better herd genetics and improved technology have more offset recently experienced adverse economic conditions. 2021 YTD production volumes have increased by 2.2% on a YOY basis throughout the first three quarters of the production season, consistent with the growth rates experienced throughout each of the past two production seasons.
The USDA is projecting the Mexican milk cow herd will reach a 15 year high level of 6.6 million head throughout 2021, finishing 0.8% above previous year levels. The YOY increase in the Mexican milk cow herd would be the sixth experienced throughout the past eight years.
The Mexican milk cow herd is equivalent to approximately 70% of the total U.S. milk cow herd and is nearly seven times as large as the Canadian milk cow herd. Per cow productivity remains poor compared to the U.S., Canada and major dairy exporting regions, however, despite recent improvements in herd genetics and technology. U.S. and Canadian milk cows each produce greater than five times the yields Mexican cows do, on average. Mexican milk per cow yields have increased by a compound annual growth rate of 1.2% throughout the past ten years, finishing equal to the U.S. growth rate experienced over the period.
Because of the close proximity of the two countries, Mexico has been the largest importer of U.S. dairy products, historically. Mexico accounted for 22% of total U.S. dairy exports throughout 2020, finishing as the largest importer of U.S. dairy products for the 18th consecutive year. Mexico has remained the largest importer of U.S. dairy products throughout the first two thirds of the 2021 calendar year, accounting for 21% of total U.S. dairy exports.
Mexico was the largest importer of both U.S. nonfat dry milk and cheese throughout 2020. Mexico accounted for a considerably smaller market share of U.S. butter (third behind Canada and Saudi Arabia) and whey (second behind China) imports throughout the 2020 calendar year.
U.S. dairy exports destined to Mexico have increased 25.0% on a YOY basis throughout the first two thirds of the 2021 calendar year. Growth in U.S. dairy exports destined to Mexico has been led by nonfat dry milk, followed by whey, while butter export volumes destined to Mexico have declined over the period.